1944 - LT Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr., USNR, the older brother of John F. Kennedy, was killed with his co-pilot in a mid-air explosion after taking off from England in a PB4Y from Special Attack Unit One (SAU-1). Following manual takeoff, they were supposed to parachute out over the English Channel while the radio-controlled explosive filled drone proceeded to attack a German V-2 missile-launching site. Possible causes include faulty wiring or FM signals from a nearby transmitter.
1957 - In first test of Automatic Carrier Landing System, LCDR Don Walker is landed on USS Antietam.
1958 - USS Nautilus (SSN-571) arrives Portland, England completing first submerged under ice cruise from Pacific to Atlantic Oceans.
1777 - American explosive device made by David Bushnell explodes near British vessel off New London, CT.
1846 - Joint expedition led by CDR Robert Stockton seizes Los Angeles, CA.
1870 - Armed tug Palos becomes first U.S. Navy ship to transit Suez Canal.
1813 - HMS Pelican captures USS Argus.
1886 - SECNAV establishes Naval Gun Factory at Washington Navy Yard.
1941 - Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt sign the Atlantic Charter of war stating postwar aims.
1945 - Japan agrees to surrender; last Japanese ships sunk during World War II (15 August in DC).
1845 - U.S. Naval Academy established at Annapolis, MD on former site of Fort Severn.
1895 - Commissioning of Texas, the first American steel-hulled battleship. Texas served off Cuba during the Spanish-American War and took part in the naval battle of Santiago. Under the name of San Marcos, she was sunk in weapon effects tests in Chesapeake Bay in 1911. Her hulk continued in use as a gunnery target through World War II.
1908 - First Navy post offices established in Navy ships.
1944 - Operation Dragoon, Allied invasion of Southern France.
1953 - First naval officer appointed Chairman, Joints Chiefs of Staff, Admiral William Radford. He served from 15 August 1953 until 15 August 1957.
1958 - USS Lexington (CVA-16) arrives in vicinity of Taiwan.
1812 - USS Constitution recaptures American merchant brig Adeline.
1954 - Beginning of Operation Passage to Freedom, transport of refugees from Haiphong to Saigon, Vietnam.
1812 - Frigate President captures British schooner L'Adeline in North Atlantic.
1942 - Submarines USS Nautilus and USS Argonaut land 222 Marines on Makin Island, first amphibious attack made from submarines.
1959 - ADM Arleigh Burke reappointed CNO for 3rd 2 year term, serving longest term as CNO.
1962 - Navy's first hydrofoil patrol craft, USS High Point (PCH-1) launched at Seattle, WA.
1838 - Exploring Expedition under LT Charles Wilkes embarks on world cruise.
1911 - First Navy Nurse Corps superintendent, Esther Voorhees Hasson, appointed.
1965 - First major amphibious assault in Vietnam, Operation Starlight captures 2,000 Viet Cong.
1966 - First ship-to-shore satellite radio message sent from USS Annapolis in South China Sea to Pacific Fleet Headquarters at Pearl Harbor.
1974 - After flooding in Philippines, Navy helicopters begin 6 days of operations to rescue people and bring supplies (244 flights).
1812 - USS Constitution captures HMS Guerriere.
1812 - Devastating hurricane struck the Navy's New Orleans station, delaying military preparations in the War of 1812.
1818 - CAPT James Biddle takes possession of Oregon Territory for U.S.
1967 - Operation Coronado IV begins in Mekong Delta.
1981 - 2 VF-41 aircraft from USS Nimitz shoot down 2 Libyan aircraft which fired on them over international waters.
1952 - In interservice air operation at Chang Pyong-ni, Korea, U.S. Navy, Marine and Air Force aircraft destroy 80 percent of assigned area.
1959 - USS Thetis Bay (LPH-6) completes 6-day humanitarian operation after floods in Taiwan.
1969 - Navy Seabees and sailors from Helicopter Training Squadron Eight (HT-8) evacuated 820 people from Pass Christian, MS after Hurricane Camille.
1800 - U.S. Marine Corps Band gave its first concert in Washington, D.C.
1883 - Installation of the first electric lighting on a US Navy Ship completed on USS Trenton.
1920 - Radio station built by U.S. Navy and French Government transmits first wireless message heard around the world. At time it was the most powerful radio station in the world.
1951 - First contract for nuclear-powered submarine awarded.
1965 - Launch of Gemini 5, piloted by LCDR Charles Conrad Jr., USN, who completed 120 orbits in almost 8 days at an altitude of 349.8 km. Recovery was by helicopter from USS Lake Champlain (CVS-39).
1980 - USS Truxtun rescues 42 Vietnamese refugees and USS Merrill rescues 62 Vietnamese refugees, over 200 miles southeast of Saigon.
1912 - Birthday of Dental Corps.
1945 - First surrender of Japanese garrison at end of World War II; USS Levy receives surrender of Mille Atoll in Marshall Islands.
1980 - USS Passumpsic rescues 28 Vietnamese refugees.
1864 - RADM David Farragut's squadron captures Fort Morgan at Mobile Bay winning control of Mobile Bay.
1958 - Massive concentration of Pacific Fleet in Quemoy-Matsu area prevents invasion of islands by China.
1958 - In Taiwan Straits Crisis, Units of 7th Fleet move into Taiwan area to support Taiwan against Chinese Communists.
1963 - The first satellite communications ship, USNS Kingsport (T-AG-164) in Lagos, Nigeria, connected President John F. Kennedy with Nigerian Prime Minister Balewa who was aboard for the first satellite (Syncom II) relayed telephone conversation between heads of state.
1814 - British invasion of Maryland and Washington, D.C.; Washington Navy Yard and ships burned to prevent capture by the British.
1912 - Launching of USS Jupiter, first electrically propelled Navy ship.
1942 - U.S. carrier aircraft begin 2-day Battle of Eastern Solomons where Japanese task force defeated and one Japanese carrier sunk. Japanese recall expedition to recapture Guadalcanal.
1960 - USS Bexar (APA-237) deploys to Pangahan Province in response to emergency request for aid from the Province's governor.
1843 - Steam frigate Missouri arrives at Gibralter completing first Trans-Atlantic crossing by U.S. steam powered ship.
1942 - Five Navy nurses who became POWs on Guam repatriated.
1951 - 23 fighters from USS Essex (CV-9) escort Air Force heavy bombers attacking Najin, Korea since target was beyond range of land-based fighters.
1775 - Rhode Island Resolve: Rhode Island delegates to Continental Congress press for creation of Continental Navy to protect the colonies.
1839 - Brig Washington seizes Spanish slaver, Amistad near Montauk Point, NY.
1861 - Union amphibious force lands near Hatteras, NC.
1865 - Civil War ends with Naval strength over 58,500 men and 600 ships.
1917 - Squadron of minesweepers departs U.S. for service off France.
1944 - USS Stingray (SS-186) lands men and supplies on Luzon, Philippines to support guerilla operations against the Japanese.
1945 - Pacific Fleet ships enter Sagami Bay, near Tokyo, Japan.
1959 - Off Cape Canaveral, FL, USS Observation Island (EAG-154) makes first shipboard launching of a Polaris missile.
1867 - Captain William Reynolds of Lackawanna raises U.S. flag over Midway Island and took formal possession of these islands for the U.S.
1942 - 120 women, commissioned directly as ENS or LTJG, reported to "USS Northampton," Smith College for training.
1952 - Units on USS Boxer (CV-21) launch explosive-filled drone which explodes against railroad bridge near Hungnam, Korea. First guided missile launched from ship during Korean Conflict.
1965 - CDR Scott Carpenter and 9 aquanauts enter SeaLab II, 205 ft. below Southern California's waters to conduct underwater living and working tests.
1991 - A helicopter from USS America (CV-66) rescues 3 civilian sailors who spent 10 days in a lifeboat 80 miles off Capt May, NJ after their sailboat capsized.
1992 - Navy and Marine forces begin providing disaster relief after Typhoon Omar hit Guam.
1992 - Marines and Army forces begin providing disaster relief in Florida after Hurricane Andrew.
1861 - U.S. squadron captures forts at Hatteras Inlet, NC.
1862 - Union gunboat Pittsburgh support Army troops in landing at Eunice, Arkansas.
1915 - Navy salvage divers raise F-4, first U.S. submarine sunk in accident.
1916 - Congress passes act for expansion of Navy but most ships not completed until after World War I.
1964 - USS Boxer and 2 LSDs arrive off coast of Hispaniola to give medical aid to Haiti and Dominican Republic which were badly damaged by Hurricane Cleo.
1913 - Navy tests Sperry gyroscopic stabilizer (automatic pilot).
1929 - Near New London, CT, 26 officers and men test Momsen lung to exit submerged USS S-4.
1961 - Two Cuban frigates fire on a Naval Reserve aircraft on a training mission over international waters.
1842 - Congress replaces the Board of Navy Commissioners, a group of senior officer who oversaw naval technical affairs, with the five technical Bureaus, ancestors of the Systems Commands. One of the 1842 Bureau, the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, continues to serve under its original name.
1943 - Commissioning of USS Harmon (DE-678), first Navy ship named for an African American Sailor.
1944 - Carrier task group begins 3-day attack on Iwo Jima and Bonin Islands.
1962 - Last flight of Navy airship made at NAS Lakehurst, NJ.